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Actualizado en: Miércoles, agosto 22 2018

La planificación familiar es un derecho humano

Contenido por: Inter Press Service

NACIONES UNIDAS, julio 11 2018 (IPS) - Han pasado cinco décadas desde que la comunidad internacional afirmó el derecho a la planificación familiar, pero las mujeres siguen siendo incapaces de disfrutar de este derecho, que cada vez es más atacado en todo el mundo.

Para el Día Mundial de la Población, que se celebra anualmente el Jul. 11, el Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas (UNFPA) ha centrado su atención en "La planificación familiar es un derecho humano", y muy acertadamente.

Este año marca el 50 aniversario de la 1968 Conferencia Internacional de Derechos Humanos donde la planificación familiar fue, por primera vez, entendida como un derecho humano.

"Eliminar el acceso de las mujeres a la información es un ataque directo a su acceso a la atención médica y el derecho a tomar decisiones informadas y autónomas sobre sus vidas y sus cuerpos", dijo la investigadora principal de Human Rights Watch, Amanda Klasing.

"Los padres tienen el derecho humano básico de determinar libre y responsablemente el número y el espaciamiento de sus hijos", dice la Proclamación de Teherán de la conferencia.

La reunión histórica también vinculó el derecho a la "dignidad y el valor de la persona humana".

"La planificación familiar no es solo una cuestión de derechos humanos; también es fundamental para el empoderamiento de las mujeres, la reducción de la pobreza y el logro del desarrollo sostenible ", dijo Natalia Kanem, Directora Ejecutiva de UNFPA.

Sin embargo, en los países en desarrollo, más de 200 millones de mujeres aún carecen de métodos de planificación familiar seguros y efectivos, en gran parte debido a la falta de información o servicios.

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) descubrió recientemente que las pautas clínicas se siguen en menos del 50 por ciento de los casos en las naciones más pobres, lo que resulta en una planificación familiar "deficiente".

En tales circunstancias y sin acceso a métodos anticonceptivos, las mujeres y las niñas a menudo recurren a métodos peligrosos como la ingestión o la inserción de vinagre, que pueden causar daños corporales.

El UNFPA descubrió que, en un país, la envoltura rígida de plástico de una paleta de hielo se usa como reemplazo de los condones, lo que podría provocar laceraciones genitales.

Si bien tales prácticas generalmente han disminuido, países como Yemen, donde el conflicto ha restringido el acceso a la planificación familiar, están viendo a más mujeres usar métodos anticonceptivos tradicionales inseguros.

In other places such as the United States, family planning is deliberately under attack.

Just a year after implementing the global gag rule, which cuts off international family planning funds to any foreign nongovernmental organization who advocate or even give information about abortion, the Trump administration is now turning inwards and targeting its own.

Title X is a USD300 million government programme dedicated to helping the four million low-income women who wish to access birth control and other family planning services

However, new proposed regulations echo a sense of a “domestic gag rule” by restricting people’s access to family planning care. One such proposal forbids doctors from counselling patients with unplanned pregnancies about their reproductive options and instead advocates coercing pregnant patients towards having children regardless of their own wishes.

The scenario can already be seen playing out across the country.

Recently in California, the Supreme Court reversed a law that required crisis pregnancy centres, which often trick women into believing they provide family planning services, to provide full disclosure.

The Supreme Court found that it “imposes an unduly burdensome disclosure requirement that will chill their protected speech.”

“It’s clear the U.S. government is taking more and more swipes at a fundamental aspect of the right to health—the right to information,” said Human Rights Watch’s Senior Researcher Amanda Klasing.

“Chipping away at women’s access to information is a direct attack on their access to healthcare, and the right to make informed autonomous decisions about their lives and their bodies,” she continued.

Withholding such essential resources and information from women also heightens the risk of ill-health or even death for newborns.

According to the Guttmacher Institute, women with unintended pregnancies, which is often higher among the poor, often receive worse prenatal care and poor birth outcomes. When women are able to decide when to have children and space out their pregnancies, their children are less likely to be born prematurely or have low birth weights.

Already, a study found that U.S. babies are three times more likely to die compared to 19 countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development largely due to high poverty rates and a weak social safety net.

Without publicly funded family planning services or information, we can only expect to see higher rates of unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions, and infant mortality in the U.S.

And now with President Donald Trump’s Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, who has a history of undermining women’s reproductive freedom, we may even see worse including the dismantling of the historic Roe v. Wade case which legalised abortions.

If we are to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, including ensuring universal access to sexual and reproductive health care and meeting all family planning needs, the international community should not forget its affirmation at the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights.

“Investments in family planning today are investments in the health and well-being of women for generations to come,” Kanem concluded.

Siga @https: //twitter.com/tharanga_yaku
Maigari

“Family Planning Is A Human Right” perhaps but the story starts from there also. This issue of family planning seems to be approached by the experts from an uninformed angle. Many African women sure want to have access to family planning programmes but they are hampered by a combination of lack of information; lack of economic means and above all a cultural norm that still holds very high esteem amongst the population. To overcome these the first point is Education. This forms the basis of the access to the information, the economic empowerment and the capacity to make a personal decision. In effect the organisations must make deliberate effort to fund girl-education and women literacy programmes available, affordable and above all with informed consent from the population stake holders.

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